(CNN Spanish) — whatWho can work in Canada, and how do you get a work permit or visa as a foreigner?
According to the Canadian government, working in Canada as a foreigner usually requires a work permit, although there are exceptions. For example, if you are a religious leader, an artist, a public speaker, or a health student.
In addition, the process will also depend on the type of permit that is needed, since Canada has two types:
- Open work permit: this permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada. People who can apply for an open work permit include eligible international studentsstudents who cannot afford their studies, a dependent family member of someone who applied for permanent residence, the spouse or partner of a skilled worker or international student, refugees, among others.
- Employer Specific Work Permit: This permit only allows you to work as stated in your work permit, which indicates the name of the employer you can work for, how long you can work, and the place of work. For example, if you are an academic, work on a television or film production, are a professional athlete, or are an entrepreneur, you may be eligible for an employer-specific work permit.
The Government of Canada website has a questionnaire that allows you to know the type of work permit you need, depending on the job you intend to do.
Eligibility requirements for a work permit
Before being able to apply for a work permit, the applicant must have a job offer letter, a contract, a copy of the Impact Assessment on the Labor Market (EIMT) and the EIMT number.
According to the Canadian governmentIn most cases, employers need an EIMT, a document required to hire foreign workers. However, there are job offers that are exempt from the labor market impact assessment. For example: if they are covered by an international agreement—such as CUSMA (Treaty between Mexico, the United States and Canada) or GATS (General Agreement on Trade in Services)—, are covered by an agreement between Canada and a province or territory, or are exempt on the grounds of “Canadian interests.”
However, even if a job is exempt from an EIMT, the applicant must meet the eligibility requirements for a work permit. Therefore, no matter what type of job is requested and where it is requested, the person must:
- Prove that you will leave Canada when the work permit expires
- Show that you have enough money to cover your expenses and those of your family during your stay in Canada and to return to your country of origin
- Have no history of criminal activity
- Not be a danger to the security of Canada
- To have good health
- Not working for an employer listed as “not eligible”
- Not plan to work for an employer that regularly offers striptease, lap dances, escort services, or erotic massages
- Deliver to the official any document that is requested to demonstrate that you can enter the country
For a person to apply for a agriculture job in canadathey must be eligible for a work permit and must still meet certain eligibility criteria.
If you are eligible for a work permit, you can carry out the Online application. Once submitted you must provide your biometric data.
The citizens of Venezuela they may need to complete additional steps when completing their application. For example, if the printed expiration date on the passport has expired, it is possible to add 5 years by including an explanatory letter with the application that says: “I am a Venezuelan citizen with a Venezuelan passport, which has been extended for 5 years.”
How do I find a job vacancy?
The Canadian government has a job bank which lists Canadian employers who want to hire temporary foreign workers. The listed workers have already obtained or requested an EIMT.
Restrictions due to covid-19
Due to the covid-19 pandemic, all travelers 5 years of age or older must present proof of a negative covid-19 test result in order to enter Canada.
The proof must be presented even if the person is fully vaccinated against covid-19. However, fully vaccinated temporary foreign workers are exempt from quarantine and testing on the eighth day.
Faced with the omicron variant of the coronavirus, the Canadian government banned entry to foreign citizens who have been in Botswana, Egypt, Swatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa and Zimbabwe 15 days before their arrival in the North American country.